Just a thought

Configuring Apache Web Server (Debian/Ubuntu)

Posted by stringofthoughts on May 7, 2009

Please refer to my other post on installing web server on debian/ubuntu

Before we start, you need to know about the files and directories involved

/etc/apache2 :: Server’s root directory

/etc/apache2/sites-available :: Keeps the configurations files for the hosted sites

/etc/apache2/sites-enabled :: Keeps soft links of hosted sites.

/etc/apache2/ports.conf :: Server port and nameserver config file

/etc/apache2/apache2.conf :: Server’s main configuration file

Let’s assume our user name is saumya. The document root for apache by default is /var/www/. You need to change this.

$ mkdir ~/public_html

This will create a directory for user saumya (/home/saumya/public_html). This is the root directory for her website. We need to change the default document root.

$ sudo cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/default /etc/apache2/sites-available/saumya

Edit the new configuration file saumya.

$ sudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/saumya

In the file replace /var/www/ with /home/saumya/public_html . Now enable the new site configuration.

$ sudo a2dissite default  // disables the default configuration.

$ sudo a2ensite saumya // Enables the new configuration

Restart the server.

$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Make a file index.html in /home/saumya/public_html/ and you are done setting up documet root for your website.To test the file open index.html and write a basic html code

<html>

Linux is awesome.

</html>

save it and open web browser and type http://localhost . If it shows up in the browser everything is working fine.

Assigning IP to server.

By default the server is accessed at 127.0.0.1 or localhost. To assign the IP to server we need to update ports.conf. open the file

$ sudo gedit /etc/apache2/ports.conf

and add a line

Listen 172.20.30.40:80  // Replace 172.20.30.40 with your server IP

Restart the server and it’s all done. Now you can access your website with your IP.

Setting up cgi-bin

Setting up cgi-bin is very easy. Make a directory cgi-bin in document root.

$ mkdir ~/public_html/cgi-bin

Open your the configuration file sites-available folder. In our case it’s saumya.

$ sudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/saumya

and add these lines in between <Virtualhost > tags.

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /home/sam/public_html/cgi-bin/
<Directory /home/sam/public_html/cgi-bin/>
Options ExecCGI
AddHandler cgi-script cgi pl
</Directory>

Well Now you ‘ve configured your website completely. This configuration is good for hosting you website on LAN like university campus. If you really want to host your website on Internet you need to learn a lot about securing apache. Let’s leave that for some other day.

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One Response to “Configuring Apache Web Server (Debian/Ubuntu)”

  1. […] Comments Configuring Apache W… on Installing Web Server in …Installing Web Serve… on Tasksel (Bundled software […]

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